Volume 2, Issue 4 (12-2017)                   IJREE 2017, 2(4): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page
Department of English, BGC Trust University, Bangladesh
Abstract:   (1517 Views)

Bangladesh is a monolingual country where Bangla is the official language for education, administration, media, literature, and cultural activities. The constitution of Bangladesh in 1972 recognized the undisputed status of Bangla as the state language of Bangladesh. Various measures have been taken by successive governments to ensure the widespread use of Bangla in all spheres of national life.  In Parallel, English is being taught as a compulsory subject from class 1 throughout class 12. But the introduction of English as a compulsory subject from class 1 in the primary level has been condemned as an unnecessary burden on the infantile psyche which is already burdened with the stress of learning other subjects. The question thus raised is whether we need to teach all our population English compulsorily or selectively on the basis of needs analysis. I will try to find an answer to this question through the analysis of the use of English and Bangla in various domains of national life. This paper suggests that instead of teaching English compulsorily from primary education onward, a need-based English language teaching policy should be planned.  


Full-Text [PDF 426 kb]   (51 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

1. Ashworth, M. (1985). Beyond methodology: Second language teaching and the community. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [DOI:10.1017/S0008413100012214]
2. Azad, H. (2010). Bangla Bhashar Shatru Mitra. Dhaka: Aghami Prakashani.
3. Banu, R., & Sussex, R. (2001). English in Bangladesh after independence: Dynamics of policy and practice. In B. Moore (Ed.), Who's Centric Now? The Present State of Post-Colonial Englishes (pp. 122-147) South Melbourne, Victoria: Oxford University Press.
4. Chowdhury, S. I. (1992). In and outside the garden. Dhaka: Bidya Prakash.
5. Clarke, S. P. (1976). The negotiated syllabus: What is it and how is it likely to work? Applied Linguistics, 12(1), Fishman, J. (1976). Bilingual education: What and why? In J. Alatis and K. Twaddell (Eds.) English as a second language in bilingual education. Washington, D.C.: TESOL. 263-271.
8. Francis, W. S. (1999). Analogical transfer of problem solutions within and between languages in Spanish-English bilinguals. Journal of Memory and Languages, 40(3), 301- 329. [DOI:10.1006/jmla.1998.2610]
10. Graddol, D. (1997). The future of English? A guide to forecasting the popularity of the English language in the 21st century. The British Council.
11. Grosjean, E. (1982). Life with two languages. An introduction to bilingualism. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. [PMCID]
13. Harding-Esch, E., & Riley, P. (2007). The bilingual family: A handbook for parents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. www.cambridge.org [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Haque, M. S. (2011). Bridging the gap between academia and the real world: An exploratory framework from Bangladesh. Proceeding, 3rd International Seminar on Culture, English Language Teaching, and Literature, 2011, 182-196.
16. IBIS Concept Paper. (June 1st, 2014). Mother tongue - bilingual education. Version 1, Retrieved from www.ibis-global. Org., Denmark
17. Kamol, E. (2009, 31 December). Closing the gaps. The Daily Star.
18. Khansir, A. A., & Pakdel, F. (March, 2014). Needs analysis and language teaching. Language in India, 14(3), 1-20. www.languageinindia.com.
19. Krizman, J. (2012). Sub-cortical encoding of sound is enhanced in bilinguals and relates to executive function Advantages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America, 109(20), 7877-7881. [DOI:10.1073/pnas.1201575109] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Musa, M. (1995). Language planning and other essays. Dhaka. Muktodhara.
23. Phillipson, R. (1992). Linguistic imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
24. Press Information Department. (2014). www.pressinform.gov.bd. Retrieved on 28 Dec. 2014.
25. Rahman, M., Hamzah, M. I. M., Meerah, T. S. M., & Rahman, M. (2010). Historical Development of Secondary Education in Bangladesh: Colonial Period to 21st Century. International Education Studies, 3(1). [DOI:10.5539/ies.v3n1p114] [PMCID]
28. Richard, E. B. (1976). Bilingual children and educational cognitive style analysis. In A. Simoes (ed.) Stress and anxiety. Washington: Hemisphere. [PMCID]
29. Room to Read Newsletter. (2014). An unprecedented study in Bangladesh. October 2014, Issue 24.
30. Romaine, S. (1995). Bilingualism (2nd ed.). Oxford, UK: Blackwell. [PMCID]