Volume 3, Issue 3 (9-2018)                   IJREE 2018, 3(3): 21-28 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Imam Hussein University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (925 Views)
The present study aimed to investigate the possible relationship between ESP learners’ critical thinking abilities and their reading comprehension. For this purpose, from the population of students studying in different fields of engineering at Amol Islamic Azad University, a sample of 202 ESP participants were selected based on a purposive sampling method. A critical thinking questionnaire was then given whereby the targeted respondents answered the prompts underlying the critical thinking construct. Subsequently, a valid reading comprehension test with an acceptable reliability index was administered and the data were analyzed using the related descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that there was a robust and positive correlation between ESP learners’ levels of critical thinking ability and their reading comprehension. Moreover, it was found that ESP students regarded as high critical thinkers significantly outperformed those with lower levels of critical thinking on the reading comprehension test. Notably, the results may offer useful implications to both language teachers and English learners indicating that critical thinking strategies play a pivotal role in the reading comprehension process.
Full-Text [PDF 389 kb]   (98 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

1. Celce-Murcia, M. (2001). Teaching English as a second or foreign language (3rd ed.). MA: Heinle & Heinle.
2. Cotton, K. (1991). Teaching thinking skills. School improvement research series. https://educationnorthwest.org/sites/default/files/TeachingThinkingSkills.pdf
3. Dewey, J. (1933). How we think: A restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process. Boston: D.C. Heath.
4. Facione, P. A. (2007). Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts. citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=
5. Honey, P. (2000). Critical thinking questionnaire. http://www.PeterHoney.com
6. Jafari, S., & Shokrpour, N. (2012). The reading strategies used by Iranian ESP students to comprehend authentic expository texts in English. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 1(4), 102-113. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/ijalel.v.1n.4p.102 [DOI:10.7575/ijalel.v.1n.4p.102]
7. Jakeman, V., & McDowell, C. (2006). Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS 1. Cambridge University Press. [PMCID]
8. Kamali, Z., & Fahim, M. (2011). The relationship between critical thinking ability of Iranian EFL learners and their resilience level facing unfamiliar vocabulary items in reading. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2(1), 104-111. doi: 10.4304/jltr.2.1.104-111 [DOI:10.4304/jltr.2.1.104-111]
9. Kanik, F. (2010). An assessment of teachers' conceptions of critical thinking and practices for critical thinking development at seventh grade level. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Middle East Technical University.
10. Martinez, A. C. L. (2008). Analysis of ESP university students' reading strategy awareness. IBÉRICA, 15, 165-176. www.redalyc.org/html/2870/287024060010/
11. Menkes, J. (2005). Hiring for smarts. Harvard Business Review, 83(11), 100-109. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16299964 [PMID]
12. Naeini, J. (2005). The effects of collaborative learning on critical thinking of Iranian EFL learners. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Central branch, Tehran, Iran.
13. Park, T. D. (2005). Effect of content area reading strategy on achievement in secondary agrisceince. Unpublished PHD Thesis, University of Florida.
14. Reed, J. H. (1998). Effect of a model for critical thinking on student achievement in primary source document analysis and interpretation, argumentative reasoning, critical thinking disposition, and history content in a community college history course. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of South Florida.
15. Reed, J. H., & Kromely, J. D. (2001). Teaching critical thinking in a community college history course: Empirical evidence from infusing Paul's model. College Student Journal, 35(2), 7-18.
16. Richards, J. C. (2001). Curriculum development in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [DOI:10.1017/CBO9780511667220]
17. Sheikhy Behdani, R. (2009). The relationship between autonomy, critical thinking ability, and reading comprehension of the Iranian EFL learners. Unpublished master's thesis, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Campus, Tehran, Iran.
18. Tanyeli, N. (2009). The efficiency of online English language instruction on students' reading skills. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1, 564–567, doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.102. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.102]
19. Ulaş, A. H., Koçak, B., & Karabacak, H. (2012). Examination of critical thinking levels of fifth grade students in primary education in terms of their success in the Turkish language course. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 31, 880-885. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.12.161 [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.12.161]
20. Villavicencio, F. T. (2011). Critical thinking, negative academic emotions, and achievement: A meditational analysis. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 20(1), 118-126.
21. Zare, M., Behjat, F., Abdollrahimzadeh, S. J., & Izadi, M. (2013). Critical thinking and Iranian EFL students' listening comprehension. International journal of Linguistics, 5(6), 12-21. doi.org/10.5296/ijl.v5i6.4253 [DOI:10.5296/ijl.v5i6.4253]