Volume 2, Issue 2 (6-2017)                   IJREE 2017, 2(2): 53-62 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Akhter Farhat P, Dzakiria H. Pronunciation Barriers and Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL): Coping the Demands of 21st Century in Second Language Learning Classroom in Pakistan. IJREE 2017; 2 (2)
URL: http://ijreeonline.com/article-1-44-en.html
School of Languages, Civilisation and Philosophy, University Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
Abstract:   (11878 Views)

Pronunciation of English language is a very important sub-skill of speaking module in second language learning process. However, it is ignored, neglected, and even never gotten least attention by the teachers, administrators, and stakeholders especially in Pakistan. Grammar, vocabulary, and the other linguistic skills such as reading and writing are emphasized whereas pronunciation has never been focused in language classes. That is why, Pakistani learners have to face a lot of pronunciation problems and they are unable to speak English even after years of learning English. Computer technology provides its learners with a wide variety of different pedagogical tools for pronunciation learning and teaching. Computer augmented instructions have always been proved beneficial. Teachers and learners can use computer technology for the production and articulation of the sounds and they can be familiar with stress and intonation pattern resulting in the reduction of the pronunciation barriers. This article discusses the status of pronunciation and prevailed approach of pronunciation teaching in Pakistan. So, the purpose of this study is to highlight the importance of computer aided instructions for pronunciation teaching at the school level in Pakistan.

Full-Text [PDF 537 kb]   (5819 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General

1. AbuSeileek, A. F. (2007). Computer-assisted pronunciation instruction as an effective means for teaching stress. JALT CALL Journal, 3(1-2), 3-24. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=The+JALT+CALL+Journal+2007+%5BVol.+3.1-2%5D&oq
2. Aqel, I. M. (2013). The effect of using grammar-translation method on acquiring English as a foreign language. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 3(12), 2469-2476.
3. Arslan, R. S. (2013). Enhancing non-native prospective English langauge teachers comptency in sentential stress patterns in English. Pamukkale University Journal of Education, 34(11), 183-195. doi:10.9779/PUJE 625.
4. Ashraf, M. (2016). The effectiveness of integrating computer assisted language learning (CALL) into the textbook-based syllabus of English language: teachers' and learners' perspectives. Research Journal of Language & Linterature (RJLL),1(1), 115-140. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=An+Analysis+of+the+Vowel+Sounds+of+Pakistani+English&oq
5. Bax, S. (2003). CALL: Past, Present and future. System, 31(1), 13-28. dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0346-251X(02)00071-4. [DOI:10.1016/S0346-251X(02)00071-4]
6. Chapelle, C. A. (2001). Computer application in second language acquisition. Foundation for teaching testing and research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [DOI:10.1017/CBO9781139524681]
7. Chun, D. M. (1998). Signal analysis software for teaching discourse intonation. Language Learning & Technology, 2(1), 74-93. Available at http://llt.msu.edu/vol2num1/article4/
8. Derwing, T. M. (2010). Utopian goals for pronunciation teaching. In J. Levis & K. LeVelle (eds.), Proceedings of the 1st Pronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching Conference, Iowa State University, Sept. 2009. (pp. 24-37), Ames, IA: Iowa State University. http://psllt.org/index.php/psllt/2009/paper/view/7/3
9. Derwing, T. M., & Munro, M. J. (2005). Second language accent and pronunciation teaching: A research-based approach. TESOL Quarterly, 39 (3), 379-397. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3588486 [DOI:10.2307/3588486]
10. Dwaik, R. A. A. (2015). English Digital Dictionaries as valuable blended learning tools for Palestinian College Student. English Language Teaching, 8(11), 1-10. doi:10.5539/elt.v8n11pl
11. Egwuogu. C. B. (2012). Challenges and techniques in the teaching of English pronunciation in junior secondary school in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 1(4), 212-219. Available at http://www.ajssh.leena-luna.co.jp/ajsshvol1n4.php
12. Ehsani, F., & Knodt, E. (1998). Speech technology in computer-aided langauge learning: strengths and limitations of a new CALL paradigm. Langauge Learning & Technology, 2(1), 54-73. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=Ehsani%2C+F.+Knodt%2C+E.+(1998).+Speech+technology+in+computer-aided+langauge+learning
13. Eskenazi, M. (1999). Using a computerin foreign langauge pronunciation training: What advantages? CALICO Journal, 16(3), 447-469. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=Eskenazi&oq=Eskenazi&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.1303j0j7&sourceid
14. Fraser, H. (2001). Teaching pronunciation: A handbook for teachers and trainers. Department of Education Training and Youth Affairs, Canberra.
15. Gorjian, B., Hayati, A., & Pourkhoni, P. (2013). Using Praat software in teaching prosodic features to EFL learners. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84, 34–40. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.505]
16. Hardison, D. M. (2004). Generalization of computer-assisted prosody training: Quanitative and qualiatative findings. Language Learning and Technology, 8(1), 34-52. Avaialble at https://www.google.com/search?q=Hardison%2C+D.+M.+(2004).+Generalization+of+Computer-Assisted+prosody+training
17. Harmer, J. (1998). How to teach English. Malaysia: Addison Wesley Longman Limited. [PMCID]
18. Harmer, J. (2001). The practice of English language teaching. Harlow: Longman.
19. Hashmi, F. A. (2012). Omission of schwa in Pakistani English. Elixir Linguistics, 44c, 7093-7101. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=Hashmi%2C+F.+A.+(2012).+Omission+of+schwa+in+Pakistani+English.+Elexir+Linguistics
20. Hua, T. P. (2006). Bridging pedagogy and technology: User evaluation of pronunciation oriented CALL software. Australasian Journal of Educational Technoloy, 22(3), 375-397. Available at https://www.google.com/search?q=Hua%2C+T.+P.+(2006).+Bridging+pedagogy+and+technology
21. Irshad, S., & Ghani, M. (2011). Effectiveness of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) in Pakistani ESL perspective: A quasi-experimental study. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of Teaching and Learning (ICTL 2011) INTI International University, Malaysia.
22. Kanwal, W., & Kurshid, F. (2012). University student difficulties in learning English language skills. Language in India Strength for today and bright hope for tomorrow, 12(2), 327-337.
23. Kilickaya, F. (2007). The effect of computer assisted language learning on Turkish learners' achievement on the TOEFL exam. Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=Kilickaya%2C+F.+(2007).+The+effect+of+computer+assisted+language+learning+on+Turkish+learners'+achievement+on+the+TOEFL+exam [PMID]
24. Kim, A. (2012). Investigating the effectiveness of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) in improving pronunciation: A case study. Multimedia-Assisted Language Learning, 15(3), 11-33. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=Kim%2C+A.+(2012).+Investigating+the+effectiveness+of+computer-assisted+language+learning+(CALL)+in+improving+pronunciation
25. Knowles, L. (2004). The evolution of CALL. Journal of Communication & Education, 1-8. www.languagemagazine.com
26. Knowles, L. (2008). Recursive hierarchical recognition: A brain-based theory of language learning. FEELTA/NATE Conference Proceedings. Available at https://msu.edu/course/esl/094/Dyned%20V2.7/DynEd/doc/tgtheory.pdf
27. Lambacher, S. G. (1999). A CALL tool for improving second language learning acquisition of English consonants by Japanese learners. Computer-Assisted Language Learning. Research Gate, 12(2), 137-156. doi:10.1076/call.12.2137.5722
28. Lee, S. T. (2008). Teaching pronunciation of English using computer-assisted learning software: An action research study in an Institute of Taiwan. (Doctoral dissertation unpublished). School of Education, Faculty of Education. Australian Catholic University Research Services.
29. Levis, J. (2007). Computer technology in teaching and researching pronunciation. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 27, 84-202. doi:10.107/So267190508070098 [DOI:10.1017/S0267190508070098]
30. Lin, L. C. (2014). Understanding pronunciation variation facing ESL students. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(5), 16-20. Available at https://www.google.com/search?q=Lin%2C+Liang-Chen.+(2014).+Understanding+pronunciation+variation+facing+ESL+students
31. Majoka, M. I., Khan, M. J., & Khan, M. I. (2016). Pronunciation teaching: The missing link in English teaching in Pakistani schools. Journal of Elementary Education, 26(1), 1-16. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316701927_Pronunciation_Teaching_The_Missing_Link_in_English_Teaching_in_Pakistani_Schools
32. Mayer, R. E. (2014). The Cambridge handbook of multimedia learning (2nd ed). USA: Cambridge University Press. [DOI:10.1017/CBO9781139547369]
33. Morley, J. (1991). The pronunciation component in teaching English to speakers of other languages. TESOL Quarterly, 25(1), 51-74. Retrieved from https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/90128/3586981.pdf?sequence=1 [DOI:10.2307/3586981]
34. Nawab, A. (2012). Is it the way to teach language the way we teach language? English language teaching in rural Pakistan. Academy Research Institute. 2(2), 696-705. https://www.google.com/search?q=Nawab%2C+A.+(2012)+Is+it+the+way+to+teach+language+the+way+we+teach+language
35. Patil, Z. N. (2008). Rethinking the objectives of teaching English in Asia. Asian EFL Journal, 10(4), 227-240. https://oanimpress.wikispaces.com/file/view/English+Teaching+in+Asia.pdf
36. Pennington, M. C. (1999). Computer-aided pronunciation pedagogy: Promise, limitations, directions. Computer-Assisted Language Learning, 12, 427-440. [DOI:10.1076/call.12.5.427.5693]
37. Pourhosein Gilakjani, A. (2016). English pronunciation instruction: A literature review. International Journal of Research in English Education, 1(1), 1-6. Retrieved from https://ijreeonline.com/article-1-21-en.pdf
38. Shahzada, G. (2012). Views of the teachers regarding the students' poor pronunciation in English language. Journal of Educational and Social Research. 2(1), 309-316. doi: 10.5901/jesr.2012.02.01.309.
39. Sosa, G. W., Berger, D. E., & Mary, J. C. (2011). Effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction in statistics: A meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 81(1), 97-128. doi: 10.3102/0034654310378174 [DOI:10.3102/0034654310378174]
40. Taveeno, R. A. (2011). Challenges in teaching and learning of English at secondary level class-x. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 1(2), 27-35. doi:10.5296/ijhrs.v1i2.1029 [DOI:10.5296/ijhrs.v1i2.1029]
41. Warschauer, M. (2004). Technological change and the future of CALL. In S. Fotos & C. Brown (Eds.), New Perspectives on CALL for Second and Foreign Language Classrooms (pp. 15-25). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
42. Warschauer, M., & Healey, D. (1998). Computers and language learning: An overview.
43. Zhang, F., & Yin, P. (2009). A study of pronunciation problems of English learners in China. Asian Social Science, 5(6), 141-146. Available at https://www.google.com/search?q=A+Study+of+Pronunciation+Problems+of+English+Learners+in+China&oq [DOI:10.5539/ass.v5n6p141]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | International Journal of Research in English Education

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb