Volume 2, Issue 4 (12-2017)                   IJREE 2017, 2(4): 66-79 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohtasham L, Farnia M. English Speaking Anxiety: A Study of the Effect of Gender on Iranian EFL University Students’ Perceptions. IJREE 2017; 2 (4)
URL: http://ijreeonline.com/article-1-70-en.html
Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics, Payame Noor University, Iran
Abstract:   (14945 Views)
The aim of this study was to examine Iranian EFL university students’ level of anxiety and their perceptions towards in-class activities during speaking courses and possible causes of apprehension. Moreover, this study investigated whether or not EFL university students’ gender differences affect their perceptions of foreign language speaking anxiety. To this end, data were collected from 175 Iranian EFL learners; 125 females and 50 males through Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) adopted from Horwitz, Horwitz and Cope (1986) followed by a structured interview. The findings showed that the level of females’ anxiety was significantly higher than that of males in impromptu speaking activities. Moreover, instructors could have an essential role in reducing the speaking anxiety. Results of the interviews confirmed the findings obtained through the questionnaire.

Full-Text [PDF 711 kb]   (19754 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

1. Alsowat, H. (2016). Foreign language anxiety in higher education: A practical framework for reducing FLA. European Scientific Journal, 12(7), 193-220. doi:10.19044/esj.2016.V.12,n.7,p.193
2. Awan, R., Azher, M., Nadeem, M., & Naz, A. (2010). An investigation of foreign language classroom anxiety and its relationship with language learners' achievement. Journal of College Teaching and Learning, 7(11), 33-40. doi: [DOI:10.19030/tlc.v7i11.249]
3. Azarfam, A. Y. (2012). Exploring language anxiety regarding speaking skill in Iranian EFL learners in an academic site in Malaysia. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 1(2), 153-162. http://www.journals.aiac.org.au/index.php/IJALEL/article/view/712 [DOI:10.7575/ijalel.v.1n.2p.153]
4. Bashosh, S., Abbas Nejad, M., Rastegar, M., & Marzban, A. (2013). The relationship between shyness, foreign language classroom anxiety, willingness to communicate, gender, and EFL proficiency. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 3(11), 2098- 2106. doi: 10.4304/tpls. 3.11.2098-2106
5. Bell, S. M., & McCallum, R. S. (2012). Do foreign language learning, cognitive, and affective variables differ as a function of exceptionality status and gender? International Education, 42(1), 85-105. http://trace.tennessee.edu/internationaleducation/vol42/iss1/6
6. Brown, H. D. (2000). New vistas: Book 3. White Plains, NY: Pearson Education.
7. Brown, H. D. (2007). Principles of language learning and teaching (5th ed.). White Plains, NY: Pearson Education.
8. Çağatay, S. (2015). Examining EFL language learners' foreign language speaking anxiety: The case at a Turkish state university. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences199, 648-656. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.07.594]
9. Chan, D. Y., & Wu, G. C. (2004). A study of foreign language anxiety of EFL elementary school language learners in Taipei country. Journal of National Taipei Teachers' College, 17(2), 287-320. http://academic.ntue.edu.tw/ezfiles/7/1007/img/41/17-2-12.pdf
10. Choi, J. (2016). English speaking classroom apprehension: a study of the perception held by Hong Kong university language learners. The Journal of Teaching English for Specific Academic Purpose, 4(2), 293-308. UDC 811.111243:37.013(512.317).
11. Debreli, E., & Demirkan, S. (2016). Sources and levels of foreign language speaking anxiety of English as a foreign language university language learners with regard to language proficiency and gender. International Journal of English Language Education, 4(1), 49-62. doi:10.5296/ijele. v. 4, i1.8715.
12. Fariadian, E., Azizifar, F., & Gowhary, H. (2014). The Effect of anxiety on Iranian EFL learners speaking skill. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 8(10), 1747-1754. http://www.irjabs.com/files_site/paperlist/r_2373_141001021438.pdf
13. Gerencheal, B. (2016). Gender differences in foreign language anxiety at an Ethiopian university: Mizan-Tepi university third year English major language learners in focus. African Journal of Education and Practice, 1(1), pp 1-16. https://www.iprjb.org/journals/index.php/AJEP/article/view/65
14. Harmer, J. (2007). How to teach speaking. London: Pearson Longman.
15. Heng, C. S., Abdullah, A. N., & Yosaf, N. B. (2012). Investigating the construct of anxiety in relation to speaking skills among ESL tertiary learners. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 18(3), 155–166. http://ejournal.ukm.my/3l/article/view/1120
16. Horwitz, K. E. (2001). Language anxiety and achievement. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 21, 112-126. http://dx. doi. org/10.1017/s 0267190501000071 [DOI:10.1017/S0267190501000071]
17. Horwitz, E. K., Horwitz, M. B., & Cope, J. (1986). Foreign language classroom anxiety. The Modern Language Journal, 70(2), 125-132.doi: 10.2307/327317 [DOI:10.2307/327317]
18. Horwitz, E., & Young, D. (1991). Language anxiety: From theory and research to classroom implications. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
19. Jebreil, N., Azizifar, A., Gowhary, H., & Jamalinesari, A. (2015). Study on writing anxiety among Iranian EFL language learners. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 4(2), 68-72. doi:10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.4, n.2, p.68
20. Lian, L., & Budin, M. (2014). Investigating the relationship between English language anxiety and the achievement of school based oral English test among Malaysian form four language learners. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 2(1), 67-79. http://www.journals.aiac.org.au/index.php/alls/article/view/2551
21. MacIntyre, P. D., & Gardner, R. C. (1991). Methods and results in the study of anxiety and language learning: A review of the literature. Language Learning, 41(1), 85-117. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-1770.1991.Tb00677.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-1770.1991.tb00677.x]
22. Mahmoodzadeh, M. (2012). Investigating foreign language speaking anxiety within the EFL learners' interlanguage system: The Case of Iranian Learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 3(3), 466-476. doi:10.4304/jltr.3.3.466-476 [DOI:10.4304/jltr.3.3.466-476]
23. Mak, B. (2011). An exploration of speaking-in-class anxiety with Chinese ESL learners. System, 39(2), 202-204. https://doi. org/10.1016/j. system. 2011.04.002 [DOI:10.1016/j.system.2011.04.002]
24. Miles, M., & Huberman, M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
25. Naghadeh, S., Naghadeh, M., Kasraey, S., Maghdour, H., Kasraie, S., & Naghadeh, N. (2014). The relationship between anxiety and Iranian EFL learners' narrative writing performance. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Research, 3(6), 602-609. http://jfl.iaun.ac.ir/article_17137_842e3151d4d9b63867dacd9c69bc1e85.pdf
26. Nahavandi, N., & Mukundan, J. (2013). Foreign language learning anxiety among Iranian EFL learners along gender and different proficiency levels. Language in India, 13(1), 133-161. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281490077
27. Nunan, D. (1999). Second language teaching and learning. Florence: Heinle & Heinle. [PMCID]
28. Öztürk, G. (2009). Foreign language speaking anxiety and learner motivation: A case study at a Turkish State University. Unpublished masters' thesis. METU, Ankara.
29. Park, G. P., & French, B. F. (2013). Gender differences in the foreign language classroom anxiety scale. System, 41(2), 462-471. [DOI:10.1016/j.system.2013.04.001]
30. Scovel, T. (1978). The effect of effect on foreign language learning: A review of anxiety. The Modern Language Journal, 76(1), 14-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-1770.1978.Tb00309.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-1770.1978.tb00309.x]
31. Spielberger, C. D. (1966). Theory and research on anxiety. Anxiety and behavior. New York: Academic press.
32. Watson, D., & Friend, R. (1969). Measurement of social-evaluative anxiety. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 33(4), 448 457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0027806 [DOI:10.1037/h0027806]
33. Wu, A. (2015). An investigation into the relationship between gender and foreign language anxiety. Retrieved on May 2017 from: http:// English. fju. edu. tw/word/LOD/105/401110640. pdf
34. Zhao, N. (2007). A study of high school language learners' English learning anxiety. Asian EFL Journal: English Language Teaching Article, 9)3(, 22-34. https://www.asian-efl-journal.com/September_2007_EBook_editions.pdf

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | International Journal of Research in English Education

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb