Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2019)                   IJREE 2019, 4(1): 22-36 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Iqhrammullah M, Zuelda N. Potential Use of AREL in English Song Analysis to Improve Argumentation Skills and English Proficiency. IJREE 2019; 4 (1)
URL: http://ijreeonline.com/article-1-133-en.html
. Department of Chemistry, Syiah Kuala University Darussalam, Indonesia
Abstract:   (7625 Views)
This study attempts to assess the potential use of AREL in English song activities as a learning method to improve the students’ ability in argumentation and English proficiency. AREL – stands for Assertion, Reason, Evidence, Link back has long been introduced as a basic structure for argument construction. Learning AREL has been a major challenge for the beginner debaters, not to mention their constraints in English proficiency. The data received in this study were analysed by means of frequency, percentage, and standard deviation. The students highly believed that the method used in this study was interesting (=3.79 SD=0.860) and comfortable (=3.86 SD=0.639), in which it indicates the enjoyable learning process and the absence of the students’ anxiety. Furthermore, this method was able to give a quick comprehension (=4.00 SD=0.654) on AREL, where applying AREL in song analysis was easier for the students, thus allow the students to gradually step up onto the real argumentation. That could be observed by the average test score where students obtained higher score for analysing song with AREL (=80) than for making real argumentation with AREL (=70). However, in order to make this method effective, the students’ attendance was a mandatory. Though no test on English proficiency conducted, nevertheless most of the students agreed that this method helped them improving their English proficiency, which included vocabularies (=4.64 SD=0.610) and figurative language (=4.50 SD=0.500) competencies.

Full-Text [PDF 608 kb]   (2023 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |

1. Adimarta, T. (2015). Grice's conversational cooperative principles in competitive debates. Magister Scientiae, 38(1), 108-122. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://journal.wima.ac.id/index.php/Magister_Scientiae/article/view/787
2. Aguirre, D., Bustinza, D., & Garvich, M. (2016). Influence of songs in primary school students' motivation for learning English in Lima, Peru. English Language Teaching, 9(2), 178-191. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/elt/article/view/56562 [DOI:10.5539/elt.v9n2p178]
3. Agustina, L., & Bahrani, B. (2016). The implementation of British parliamentary debating in Mulawarman Debate Society (MDS). Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics, 1(1), 79-97. doi: 10.21462/ijefll.v1i1.6 [DOI:10.21462/ijefll.v1i1.6]
4. Akerman, R., & Neale, I. (2011). Debating the evidence: An international review of current situation and perception. Research Report: The English Speaking-:union:. Accessed on 20 August 2017 from https://debate.uvm.edu/dcpdf/ESU_Report_debatingtheevidence_FINAL.pdf
5. Alasmari, A., & Ahmed, S. S. (2013). Using debate in EFL classes. English Language Teaching, 6(1), 147-152. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v6n1p147 [DOI:10.5539/elt.v6n1p147]
6. Aleshtar, M. T., & Dowlatabadi, H. (2014). Metaphoric competence and language proficiency in the same boat. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 98(1), 1895–1904. Accessed on 20 August 2017 from [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.620]
7. AlOthman, F. H. M., & Shuqair, K. M. (2013). The impact of motivation on English language learning in the Gulf states. International Journal of Higher Education, 2(4), 123-130. Accessed on 26 December 2018 from [DOI:10.5430/ijhe.v2n4p123]
8. ASEAN Secretariat News. (2016). ASEAN priorities youth development index in work plan. Accessed on 21 August 2017 from: http://asean.org/asean-prioritises-youth-development-index-in-work-plan/
9. Berman, J. D., McCormack, M. C., Koehler, K. A., Connolly, F., Clemons-Erby, D., Davis, M. F., & Curriero, F. C. (2018). School environmental conditions and links to academic performance and absenteeism in urban, mid-Atlantic public schools. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 221(5), 800–808. Accessed on 20 August 2017 from [DOI:10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.04.015]
10. Brookfield, S. D., & Preskill, S. (2012). Discussion as a way of teaching: Tools and techniques for democratic classrooms. John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey–USA.
11. Chen, Y. C., & Lai, H. L. (2011). The effect of EFL learners' awareness and retention in learning metaphoric and metanymic expressions. Proceeding of the 25th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://aclweb.org/anthology/Y11-1058
12. Condon, M., & Doody, O. (2012). Increasing student involvement and learning through using debate as an assessment. Nurse Education in Practice, 12(1), 232-237. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2012.03.002 [DOI:10.1016/j.nepr.2012.03.002]
13. Conesa, I. M. G., & Rubio, A. D. J. (2015). The use of rhymes and songs in the teaching of English in primary education. Docencia e Investigación. 25(2), 83-101. https://revista.uclm.es/index.php/rdi/article/download/1008/837
14. Djamarah, S. B., & Zain, A. (2002). StrategiBelajarMengajar. RinekaCipta, Jakarta.
15. Doiz, A., & Elizari, C. (2013). Metaphoric competence and the acquisition of figurative vocabulary in foreign language learning. ELIA, 13(1), 47-82. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://dx.doi.org/10.12795/elia.2013.i13.02
16. Finn, B., Thomas, R., & Rawson, K. A. (2017). Learning more from feedback: Elaborating feedback with examples enhances concept learning. Learning and Instruction. [DOI:10.1016/j.learninstruc.2017.08.007]
17. Hariyanto, H. (2017). The analysis of figurative language used in the lyric of firework by Katy Perry (a study of semantic). English Education: Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris, 10(1), 46-60. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/ENGEDU/article/view/874
18. Hoogerheide, V., Loyens, S. M. M., & van Gog, T. (2016). Learning from video modelling examples: does gender matter? Instructional Science, 44(1), 69-86. [DOI:10.1007/s11251-015-9360-y]
19. Husnawadi, H., & Syamsudani, S. (2016). The role of English debating tournament in the face of ASEAN economic community (AEC). DinamikaIlmu, 16(1), 119-113. [DOI:10.21093/di.v16i1.353]
20. Iqhrammullah, M., & Zuelda, N. (2017). The landscape of competitive debate in Aceh: Benefit, achievement and challenges. Proceeding of The 1st International Conference on Language, Literature, and Teaching (IcoLLiT). Accessed on 20 August 2017 from https://publikasiilmiah.ums.ac.id/handle/11617/8850
21. Kakkar, S. B. (1993). Educational psychology. PHI Learning Private, New Delhi.
22. Kuśnierek, A. (2016). The role of music and songs in teaching English vocabulary to students. World Scientific News, 43(1), 1-55. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://www.worldscientificnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/WSN-431-2016-1-55.pdf
23. Lee, L., & Li, T. Y. (2016). The impact of music activities in a multi-sensory room for children with multiple disabilities on developing positive emotions: a case study. Journal of the European Teacher Education Network, 11(1), 1-12.
24. Mahdiloo, A., & Izadpanah, S. (2017). The impact of humorous movie clips on better learning of English language vocabulary. IJREE, 2(2), 16–29. Accessed on 26 December 2018 from [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.ijree.2.2.16]
25. Mangal, S. K. (2002). Advanced educational psychology (second edition). PHI Learning Private, New Delhi.
26. Marliani, H. (2018). The analysis of figurative language in Harris J. Songs. Skripsi thesis, UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from https://repository.ar-raniry.ac.id/2965/1/HENNY%20MARLIANI.pdf
27. Mehrvarz Bahambari, N., & Rahimy, R. (2016). School general English achievement and group-work: An investigation among Iranian junior high school students TT. IJREE, 1(1), 43–50. Accessed on 26 December 2018 from http://ijreeonline.com/article-1-28-en.html
28. Millington, N. T. (2011). Using songs effectively to teach English to young learners. Language Education in Asia, 2(1), 134-141. [DOI:10.5746/LEiA/11/V2/I1/A11/Millington]
29. Muhammadin, F. M., Sekarsari, V., Pido, M. F., Puteri, K. H., Fadillah, R. D., Destia, K., Wicaksono, M. R., Hanif, I., Hindarto, T., Supriono, D., & Harisa, M. (2014). Handbook for Competitive Debating: Asian Parliamentary Format. Jogja Debating Forum, Yogyakarta.
30. Nadera, B. (2015). Promoting student motivation in EFL classroom: Through extended music education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 199(1), 368–371. Accessed on 26 December 2018 from [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.07.520]
31. Parcher, J. (1998). The value of debate: Adapted from the report of the philodemic debate society. Accessed on 20 August 2017 from http://www.debateleaders.org/The%20Value%20of%20Debate.htm
32. Phisutthangkoon, K., & Panich, M. (2016). Effectiveness of English song activities on vocabulary learning and retention. Proceeding of The European Conference on Language Learning 2016. Accessed on 20 August 2017 from http://papers.iafor.org/papers/ecll2016/ECLL2016_28332.pdf
33. Pradana, S. A. (2017). Using debate to enhance students' speaking ability as their character building. English Education: Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris, 10(1), 149-163. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/ENGEDU/article/view/881
34. Ramlan, F. A., Kassim, N. M., Pakirisamy, S., & Selvakumar, V. (2016). The impact of debates as a teaching strategy in the classroom to medical students. e-Academia Journal UiTMT, 2(5), 194-203. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://journale-academiauitmt.uitm.edu.my/v2/images/vol5issue2/CRPID53-THEIMPACTOFDEBATES.pdf
35. Renninger, K. A., Sansone, C., & Smith, J. L. (2004). Love of learning. In C. Peterson & M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification (pp. 161-179). New York: Oxford University Press.
36. Rohmatika, A., & Syamsuddin, R. (2014). The use of AREL in argumentation at English debating club of STKIP PFRI Ponorogo. Dinamika Ilmu, 2(14), 162-175. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from https://journal.iain-samarinda.ac.id/index.php/dinamika_ilmu/article/view/1
37. Shen, C. (2009). Using English songs: an enjoyable and effective approach to ELT. English Language Teaching, 2(1), 88-94. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1082242.pdf [DOI:10.5539/elt.v2n1p88]
38. Simbolon, N. D., & Ginting, A. (2013). Improving students' achievement in writing analytical exposition through debate technique. Journal of English Language Teaching of FBS UNIMED, 1(2), 1-14. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://jurnal.unimed.ac.id/2012/index.php/eltu/article/view/631
39. Sonnreich, T. (2012). Monash associationof debaters guideto debating: Tips, tactics and first principles. Accessed on 15 October 2018 from http://www.monashdebaters.com/downloads/Tim%20Sonnreich's%20Guide.pdf

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | International Journal of Research in English Education

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb