Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2023)                   IJREE 2023, 8(3): 82-93 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shafaei A. Exploring the Relationship between Iranian English Language Teachers’ Sense of Autonomy and Perfectionism. IJREE 2023; 8 (3)
URL: http://ijreeonline.com/article-1-808-en.html
Islamic Azad University, Bukan Branch, Bukan, Iran
Abstract:   (2725 Views)
Teachers play a crucial and influential part in teaching/learning contexts and teacher-related features have gained a great deal of attention in the realm of teacher education and development.  Among teacher-related factors, perfectionism and autonomy are regarded as two influential factors which play crucial roles in teachers’ and learners’ performance. Several research studies have tried to investigate their impacts on language teachers’ performance. However, no studies have so far explored the association between Iranian EFL teachers’ perfectionism and autonomy. Thus, the current research was undertaken to examine the association between Iranian EFL teachers’ perfectionism and autonomy. To do this, 82 English language teachers (34 males and 48 females) were selected as the participants of the study. They were asked to fill out teacher autonomy and perfectionism questionnaires. The results of the data analysis revealed that EFL teachers’ sense of perfectionism and autonomy were positively related. The findings of the present study can be helpful for syllabus designers, teacher educators, and language teachers.    

Full-Text [PDF 498 kb]   (280 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

1. Accordino, D. B., Accordino, M. P., & Slaney, R. B. (2000). An investigation of perfectionism, mental health, achievement, and achievement motivation in adolescents. Psychology in the Schools, 37(6), 535-545. doi:10.1002/1520-6807(200011)37:63.0.CO;2-O https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6807(200011)37:6<535::AID-PITS6>3.0.CO;2-O [DOI:10.1002/1520-6807(200011)37:63.0.CO;2-O]
2. Benson, P. (2001). Teaching and researching autonomy in language learning. Harlow, England: Pearson.
3. Benson, P., & Huang, J. (2008). Autonomy in the transition from foreign language learning to foreign language teaching. DELTA: Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada, 24, 421-439. https://www.scielo.br/j/delta/a/FHFnkGJY5jbgRCZdDGrF7vq/?lang=en [DOI:10.1590/S0102-44502008000300003]
4. Birjandi, P., & Bagherzadekazemi, M. (2010). The relationship between Iranian EFL teachers' critical thinking ability and their professional successes. English Language Teaching, 3(2), 135-145 [DOI:10.5539/elt.v3n2p135]
5. Burns, D. D. (1980). The perfectionist's script for self-defeat. Psychology Today, 14, 34-51. https://motamem.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/The-Perfectionist-Script-for-self-defeat.pdf
6. Chirkov, V., Ryan, R. M., Kim, Y., & Kaplan, U. (2003). Differentiating autonomy from individualism and independence: A self-determination theory perspective on internalization of cultural orientations and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(1), 97-110. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.84.1.97]
7. Chuk, Y.P. (2010). Learning to teach, teaching to learn: A longitudinal study of student teachers' autonomous development (Unpublished PhD thesis). University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
8. Cirocki, A., & Anam, S. (2021). 'How much freedom do we have?' The perceived autonomy of secondary school EFL teachers in Indonesia. Language Teaching Research. [DOI:10.1177/13621688211007472]
9. Crandall, J. A. (2000). Language teacher education. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 20, 34-55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0267190500200032 [DOI:10.1017/S0267190500200032]
10. Day, C. (2002). School reform and transitions in teacher professionalism and identity. International Journal of Educational Research, 37(8), 677-692. [DOI:10.1016/S0883-0355(03)00065-X]
11. Derakhshan, A., Coombe, C., Arabmofrad, A., & Taghizadeh, M. (2020). Investigating the effects of English language teachers' professional identity and autonomy in their success. Issues in Language Teaching, 9(1), 1-28. doi: 10.22054/ilt.2020.52263.496
12. Dunkley, D. M., & Blankstein, K. R. (2000). Self-critical perfectionism, coping, hassles, and
13. current distress: A structural equation modeling approach. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 24(6), 713-730. [DOI:10.1023/A:1005543529245]
14. Erozkan, A., Dogan, U., & Adiguzel, A. (2016). Self-efficacy, self-esteem, and subjective happiness of teacher candidates at the pedagogical formation certificate program. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(8), 72-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.11114/jets.v4i8.1535 [DOI:10.11114/jets.v4i8.1535]
15. Fadaee, E., Marzban, A., & Najafi Karimi, S. (2021). Teacher autonomy and teaching styles: A gender-comparative study of Iranian EFL academics (Research Paper). Iranian Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 10(3), 1-14. https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.24763187.2021.
16. Fadaee, E., Marzban, A., & Najafi Karimi, S. (2021). The relationship between autonomy, second language teaching styles, and personality traits: A case study of Iranian EFL teachers. Cogent Education, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2021.1881203 [DOI:10.1080/2331186x.2021.1881203]
17. Fakhari, H. (2019). The relationship between novice and experienced EFL teachers' perfectionism and creativity. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research, 6(3), 155-170. http://www.jallr.com/index.php/JALLR/article/view/1028
18. Flett, G. L., & Hewitt, P. L. (2002). Perfectionism: Theory, research and treatment. Washington DC: American Psychological Association. [DOI:10.1037/10458-000]
19. Frost, R. O., Heimberg, R. G., Holt, C. S., Mattia, J. I., & Neubauer, A. L. (1993). A comparison of two measures of perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences, 14(1), 119-126. [DOI:10.1016/0191-8869(93)90181-2]
20. Ghaemi, H., & Sadeghi Fard, M. J. (2016). A comparative study of English and Math teachers' perfectionism: leadership and empowerment. International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching and Research, 4(13), 109-128. https://journals.iau.ir/article_561177_99eca1111367398a3707788256c2b90b.pdf
21. Hamachek, D. E. (1978). Psychodynamics of normal and neurotic perfectionism. Psychology: A Journal of Human Behavior, 15(1), 27-33.
22. Hewitt, P., & Flett, G. (1991). Perfectionism in the self and social contexts: Conceptualization, assessment, and association with psychopathology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(3), 456-470. doi: 10.1037//0022-3514.60.3.456 [DOI:10.1037//0022-3514.60.3.456]
23. Hollender, M. H. (1965). Perfectionism. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 6(2), 94-103. [DOI:10.1016/S0010-440X(65)80016-5]
24. Huang, J. (2005). Teacher autonomy in language learning: A review of the research. In K. R. Katyal, H. C. Lam & X. J. Ding (Eds.), Research studies in education (pp. 203-218). Faculty of Education, University of Hong Kong.
25. Javadi, F. (2014). On the relationship between teacher autonomy and feeling of burnout among Iranian EFL teachers. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 98, 770-774. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.480 [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.480]
26. Jiménez-Raya, M., & Flávia V. (2015). Enhancing autonomy in language education: A case-based approach to teacher and learner development. Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter. [DOI:10.1515/9781614511359]
27. Jiménez Raya, M., Lamb, T., & Vieira, F. (2007). Pedagogy for autonomy in language education-towards a framework for teacher and learner development. Dublin: Authentik.
28. Jiménez Raya, M., & Sercu, L. (2007). Challenges in teacher development: Learner autonomy and intercultural competence. Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Peter Lang. [DOI:10.3726/978-3-653-02964-2]
29. Khany, R., & Malekzadeh, P. (2015). Associations among EFL teachers' professional identity, professional vitality, and creativity. Teaching English Language, 9(2), 37-74. doi: 10.22132/tel.2015.53724
30. Kilmen, S. (2022). Prospective teachers' professional achievement goal orientations, their self-efficacy beliefs, and perfectionism: A mediation analysis. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 74, 101165. [DOI:10.1016/j.stueduc.2022.101165]
31. Kumaravadivelu, B. (2003). Beyond methods: Macrostrategies for language teaching. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
32. Lawson, T. (2004b). Teacher autonomy: Power or control? Education 3-13, 32(3), 3-18. [DOI:10.1080/03004270485200261]
33. Little, D. (1995). Learning as dialogue: The dependence of learner autonomy on teacher autonomy. System, 23(2), 175-181. [DOI:10.1016/0346-251X(95)00006-6]
34. Mahmoodi-Shahrebabaki, M. (2016). The effect of perfectionism on burnout among English language teachers: the mediating role of anxiety. Teachers and Teaching, 23(1), 91-105. [DOI:10.1080/13540602.2016.1203776]
35. McGrath, I. (2000). Teacher autonomy. In B. Sinclair, I. McGrath & T. Lamb (Eds.), Learner autonomy, teacher autonomy: Future directions (pp. 100-110). Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
36. Missildine, W. H. (1963). Your inner child of the past. New York: Simon & Schuster.
37. Nakata, Y. (2011). Teachers' readiness for promoting learner autonomy: A study of Japanese EFL high school teachers. Teaching and Teacher Education, 27(5), 900-910. [DOI:10.1016/j.tate.2011.03.001]
38. Pacht, A. (1984). Reflections on perfection. American Psychologist, 39(4), 386-390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.39.4.386 [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.39.4.386]
39. Pearson, L. C., & Hall, B. W. (1993). Initial construct validation of the teaching [DOI:10.1080/00220671.1993.9941155]
40. autonomy scale. The Journal of Educational Research, 86(3), 172-178. [DOI:10.1080/00220671.1993.9941155]
41. Rice, K. G., & Slaney, R. B. (2002). Clusters of perfectionists: Two studies of emotional [DOI:10.1080/07481756.2002.12069046]
42. adjustment and academic achievement. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and
43. Development, 35(1), 35-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07481756.2002.12069046 [DOI:10.1080/07481756.2002.12069046]
44. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1), 68-78. https://selfdeterminationtheory.org/SDT/documents/2000_RyanDeci_SDT.pdf [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.68]
45. Sadoughi, M. (2017). The relationship between personality traits, perfectionism and job burnout: The case of Iranian high-school teachers. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARPED/v6-i1/2576 [DOI:10.6007/ijarped/v6-i1/2576]
46. Saljoughi, S., Nemati, A. (2015). The relationship between teacher autonomy and learner autonomy among EFL students in Bandar Abbas. International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistics World, 9(2), 178-185.
47. Shafran, R., Cooper, Z., & Fairburn, C. G. (2002). Clinical perfectionism: A cognitive-behavioral analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40(7), 773-791. https://doi: 10.1016/s0005-7967(01)00059-6 [DOI:10.1016/S0005-7967(01)00059-6]
48. Shirazizadeh, M., & Karimpour, M. (2019). An investigation of the relationships among EFL teachers' perfectionism, reflection and burnout. Cogent Education, 6(1), 1667708. https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2019.1667708 [DOI:10.1080/2331186x.2019.1667708]
49. Singh Negi, J., & Laudari, S. (2022). Challenges of developing learner autonomy of English as a foreign language (EFL) learners in underprivileged areas. IJREE, 7(2), 65-80. http://ijreeonline.com/article-1-689-en.html [DOI:10.52547/ijree.7.2.65]
50. Slaney, R. B., Rice, K. G., Mobley, M., Trippi, J., & Ashby, J. S. (2001). The revised almost
51. perfect scale. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 34(3) 130-
52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07481756.2002.12069030 [DOI:10.1080/07481756.2002.12069030]
53. Smith, R., & Ushioda, E. (2008). Autonomy: Under whose control? In R. Pemberton, S. Toogood, & A. Barfield (Eds.), Maintaining control: Autonomy and language learning (pp. 241-254). Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. [DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789622099234.003.0013]
54. Stoeber, J., & Otto, K. (2006). Positive conceptions of perfectionism: Approaches, evidence, [DOI:10.1207/s15327957pspr1004_2]
55. challenges. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10(4), 295-319. doi: 10.1207/s15327957pspr1004_2 [DOI:10.1207/s15327957pspr1004_2]
56. Stoeber, J., Uphill, M. A., & Hotham, S. (2009). Predicting race performance in triathlon: The role of perfectionism, achievement goals, and personal goal setting. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 31(2), 211-245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsep.31.2.211 [DOI:10.1123/jsep.31.2.211]
57. Street, M. S. (1988). An investigation of the relationships among supervisory expertise of the principal, teacher' autonomy, and environmental robustness of the school. Doctoral dissertation, Louisiana State.
58. Strong, L. E., & Yoshida, R. K. (2014). Teachers' autonomy in today's educational climate: Current perceptions from an acceptable instrument. Educational Studies, 50(2), 123-145. [DOI:10.1080/00131946.2014.880922]
59. Thavenius, C. (1999). Teacher autonomy for learner autonomy. In S. Cotterall, & D. Crabbe (Eds.), Learner autonomy in language learning: Defining the field and effecting change (pp. 159-163). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
60. Vahasantanen, K. (2015). Professional agency in the stream of change: Understanding educational change and teachers' professional identities. Teaching and Teacher Education, 47, 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2014.11.006 [DOI:10.1016/j.tate.2014.11.006]
61. Varghese, M., Morgan, B., Johnston, B., & Johnson, K. A. (2005). Theorizing language teacher identity: Three perspectives and beyond. Journal of Language, Identity & Education, 4(1), 21-44. doi: 10.1207/s15327701jlie0401_2 [DOI:10.1207/s15327701jlie0401_2]
62. Wang, Q., & Zhang, H. (2014). Promoting teacher autonomy through university-school collaborative action research. Language Teaching Research, 18(2), 222-241. [DOI:10.1177/1362168813505942]
63. Xu, H. (2015). The development of teacher autonomy in collaborative lesson preparation: A multiple-case study of EFL teachers in China. System, 52(9), 139-148. [DOI:10.1016/j.system.2015.05.007]
64. Yıldızbaş, F., & Topuz, C. (2014). The study of teacher candidates' perfectionism in relation with achievement and demographics. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 152, 121-126. https://doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.09.167 [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.09.167]
65. Zhang, D., Jin, B., & Cui, Y. (2022). Do teacher autonomy support and teacher-student relationships influence students' depression? A 3-year longitudinal study. School Mental Health, 14, 110-124. [DOI:10.1007/s12310-021-09456-4]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | International Journal of Research in English Education

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb